There was a time I would have answered this question with a simple “yes.” But now, I’m not so sure. From the time of our founding we Americans recognized the tension between unity and diversity. Our national motto, proposed for the first Great Seal of the United States by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson in 1776; is “E Pluribus Unum.” The motto literally translates: “Out of the many, one.” The unity and diversity referred to in 1776 had to do with a unified republic composed of diverse, sovereign states.
Without delving into Civil War history or presenting the issues and intricacies of federalism, and at the risk of oversimplification; suffice it to say we remain one nation composed of fifty individual states. But what truly unites the people of a nation? As we think about the things which truly unite a people, let us honestly face whether or not these dynamics of unity are being weakened and strained. I do not say this list is exhaustive and I present these for your consideration in no particular order.
The first thing which fosters unity among people is language. From the biblical text above, we find the one distinguishing characteristic of the unified people of Genesis 11 was that they had “one language and one speech.” To bring disunity to them God simply introduced diversity into their speech. The oneness of the people was thwarted by unknown tongues. Confounded language brought confusion, disruption, and disunity. Unified language unifies people. Divided languages divides them. (This isn’t to suggest that the division from divided language cannot be overcome, but to say forthrightly that divided speech is a hindrance to unity, not a help to it.)
The second unifier of people is shared history. It is rather difficult for me to see how Americans can enjoy the fellowship of shared history when so many have no shared history to speak of, and those who actually do have what could be a shared history are totally ignorant of it. How many today in America are utterly in the dark when it comes to our country’s past? It is as though much of our citizenry was indeed born yesterday. They have no idea how we as a nation arrived to where we are today. Ignorance of the past can indeed be easily overcome. But not the way we’re educating our students today. History is being revised before our very eyes but most are too historically illiterate to recognize it. Revisionists are stealing our shared history.
What other shared things serve to unite a people? Religion comes to mind. It is indisputable that the early Puritan founders of our country were united in the Christian faith. This is hardly the case in America today. The once ubiquitous Christian consensus is now gone. How can a nation given to the privatization of religion--and its offspring known as self-styled spirituality--coupled with the influx of false world religions and cults; bring about the unification of a people? The nebulous god of Pluralism cannot see beyond the superficial and is therefore impotent to secure true and lasting unity on any conceivable significant level.
Common ethnicity unites. Despite the best, albeit misguided, efforts of the multiculturalists; people remain naturally tribal. One may question whether such inherent tribalism is the result of sin or not, but the fact remains that homes and neighborhoods, for the most part, remain ethnically homogeneous. It is my estimation that the unity of America is being sorely tested as many folks are identifying themselves, not as simply “Americans,” but first and primarily as Brown, Black, and White Americans. The “race card” is being played more today than at any other time in my lifetime. This is not a show of unity, but disunity.
A common enemy or threat, perceived or real, will also unite a people. Remember how the shared tragedy and common enemy of 9/11 united our country? Remember how short lived that unity was? Also, there is the idea of commerce. This is perhaps little more than interdependent self interest, but nothing unites a people like a robust economy and living the good life. Right? Well, not exactly. People in America are not of one mind as to what a nation should do with its wealth--or its poverty. Finally, a common vision, philosophy or worldview unites a people. But as I stated previously, one can see Americans dividing over philosophical differences. We have the phenomena of “red” and “blue” states, which when analyzed, is actually little more than rural versus urban America; all of this manifesting in the unending culture wars.
It is often said that diversity strengthens us. This is true, but only of a certain kind of diversity; perhaps a diversity of talents, skills, trades and the like. However, the story of Genesis 11 forcefully belies the secular mythology of a “strengthening diversity.” The biblical reality is this: Unity strengthens a people whereas diversity weakens them. Is that which unites Americans greater than that which divides us? I suppose time will tell.
But my hope for the future is not in a united, United States. Rather, my hope is in a united Church of Jesus Christ. Are there divisions in the Church? Of course. There always has been. But what unites the Church? Jesus Christ Himself. Is what--or shall we say “who”--unites the Church greater than that which divides her? Without question: YES!